The following summary of climate change effects is taken from the Climate Smart Resiliency Planning Evaluation Tool for New York State Communities, developed by the New York State Climate Smart Communities program.
Observed Effects of Climate Change
NYSERDA released a report in 2011, updated in 2014 that discussed projected effects of climate change over the next 100 years. ClimAID: the Integrated Assessment for Effective Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in New York State examines the effect of climate change on water resources, coastal zone, ecosystems, agriculture, energy, transportation, telecommunications, and public health. ClimAID noted the following:
Projected Climate Changes
The report describes the following potential effects of climate change:
National Flood Insurance Program and Community Rating System
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) (learn more)
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is designed to help reduce the impact of flooding on private and public structures by providing affordable insurance for property owners and by encouraging communities to adopt and enforce floodplain management regulations.
The Community Rating System (CRS) (learn more)
The Community Rating System (CRS) is a voluntary program to encourage floodplain management activities that exceed the minimum NFIP standards. Under the CRS, flood insurance premium rates are discounted to reward community actions that meet the three goals of the CRS, which are: (1) reduce flood damage to insurable property; (2) strengthen and support the insurance aspects of the NFIP; and (3) encourage a comprehensive approach to floodplain management.
The New York Rising Community Reconstruction program (NYRCR) provides rebuilding and revitalization assistance to communities severely damaged by Hurricanes Sandy and Irene and Tropical Storm Lee.
The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides for long-term hazard mitigation measures after a major disaster declaration. Municipalities that have completed a Hazard Mitigation Plan are eligible